Seventy-seven studies were included in the review, of which eight were interventional studies (n=1,186).
Social support-based interventions (1 study) for psychiatric nurses showed no advantage over feedback alone.
Behaviour training therapy (1 study) for psychiatric nurses improved work satisfaction and levels of sickness, reduced strain, and helped develop skills and knowledge for dealing with patient problems more effectively.
A 15-week training in therapeutic skills (1 study) decreased the levels of psychological distress and burnout.
Personal stress management (1 study) improved the ability of psychiatric nurses to cope with anxiety and stress, while stress-management workshops (1 study) reduced the levels of burnout.
Psychosocial intervention training (1 study) improved the level of burnout in forensic mental health nurses.
Assertiveness training and behavioural rehearsal (1 study) improved job satisfaction and increased assertiveness and professional self-image.
The change in nursing care delivery to primary care (1 study) did not change the levels of burnout.