Studies of progressive resistance strength-training programmes, measuring a change in strength or other body function, activity limitation, or societal participation, in adults aged 19 years or older and recovering from a fracture, were eligible for inclusion.
All the included studies were of patients with lower limb fractures. The mean age ranged from 35 to 81.3 years. One study featured women only. The interval between fracture and strength training ranged from 15 days to 10 weeks. The programmes were 6 to 12 weeks in length, and a broad range of outcomes was used. Adverse events were reported.
Two reviewers independently selected studies for inclusion.