Study designs of evaluations included in the review
No inclusion criteria for study design were specified. AB, ABAB/reversal and multiple baseline single-subject study designs were included in the review.
Specific interventions included in the review
Studies of the effectiveness of social story interventions were eligible for inclusion. The interventions included traditional and musical social stories, computer-based social stories and social stories with video feedback. Some studies used cointerventions such as behavioural social-skills training, verbal prompts, reinforcers and video feedback.
Participants included in the review
Studies of children with ASD were eligible for inclusion. Where reported, the age of the children ranged from 5 to 15 years old.
Outcomes assessed in the review
Studies reporting specific behavioural outcomes were included in the review. A variety of behavioural outcomes were targeted: chair tipping, staring, shouting, precursors to tantrums, delayed echolalia, following directions, social communication skills, obsessive behaviours, self-help skills, compliance, social interactions, hand washing, sharing and aggression. One or more observers rated the frequency of targeted behaviours.
How were decisions on the relevance of primary studies made?
The authors did not state how the papers were selected for the review, or how many reviewers performed the selection.