Study designs of evaluations included in the review
Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or evaluations within routine service within the UK were eligible for inclusion.
Specific interventions included in the review
Studies evaluating postpartum debriefing or counselling interventions in childbirth settings or maternity services in the UK were eligible. Few studies used a structured debriefing intervention; in most cases women determined the content of the debriefing intervention, which was delivered during one or more sessions. Where used, controls received routine care. Studies within UK maternity services had to refer to ‘debriefing’ or the availability of such service. No standard intervention was evaluated.
Participants included in the review
Studies of all women regardless of parity and method of delivery were eligible. Studies included women of all parities and all modes of delivery, only primiparous women, women with an operative delivery, or women screened after birth.
Outcomes assessed in the review
The authors did not state any explicit criteria relating to the outcomes. The outcomes reported included depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder, measured using different questionnaires. Studies within UK maternity service had to report anecdotal or descriptive date to be included.
How were decisions on the relevance of primary studies made?
The authors did not state how the papers were selected for the review, or how many reviewers performed the selection.