Nine studies were included in the review (n=1,024): four RCTs (n=363); two uncontrolled trials (n=41); and three observational studies (n=620). Sample sizes ranged from nine to 155 men (mean 67, median 48).
RCTs and uncontrolled trials: Three studies reported on muscular fitness and all reported improvements after physical activity. Five studies reported on physical functioning and all found improvements. Two out of five studies that reported on body composition found improvements. All four studies that measured fatigue reported improvements. Three out of four studies that reported HRQoL found improvements.
All studies showed that physical activity was safe and feasible for survivors of prostate cancer still undergoing treatment.
Three observational studies looked at the association between physical activity and HRQoL. Survivors who reported higher levels of physical activity post-diagnosis had better HRQoL (one study), improved physical function (one study) and greater sexual functioning (one study).