Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or observational studies that examined the effectiveness of knowledge transfer interventions for improving knowledge, attitudes or practice behaviours of occupational therapists or physical therapists were eligible for inclusion. Knowledge transfer interventions were defined as a means of exchanging evidence-based information with the goal of optimising patient outcomes and maximising the potential of the health system.
Physical therapists and occupational therapists were represented in the included studies. Interventions evaluated included opinion leaders, outreach visits, reminders, interactive educational sessions and online resources. The intensity of the intervention was between five and eight hours, where reported, except for one study in which it was 62 hours.
Two reviewers independently selected the studies.