Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), quasi-randomised trials, cohort and prospective observational studies that focused on management of forearm buckle fractures in children were eligible for inclusion. Studies that evaluated any intervention were eligible and all reported outcomes were considered. Retrospective reviews and case series were excluded.
The included studies were all conducted in children with forearm buckle fractures. Treatment times ranged from 13 days to four weeks. Type of immobilisation included plaster splint, Futura splint, plaster cast, fibreglass splint, soft bandage and back slab splint. Outcomes evaluated included rate of refracture, physical functioning, pain, satisfaction with treatment and safety.
Two authors independently performed the selection process. Disagreements were achieved through consensus.