What works for people with mental illness who are in touch with the justice system and for those responsible for working in the justice service with these individuals?
We searched the following databases in June 2016:
• Campbell Library
• Cochrane Library:
o NHS EED
• EMBASE (Excluding MEDLINE Journals)
• MEDLINE via Ovid SP
• National Police Library Catalogue
• ProQuest Databases:
o Applied Social Sciences Index & Abstracts (ASSIA)
o International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
o National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) Abstracts Database
o PAIS Index
o ProQuest Dissertations & Theses: UK & Ireland
o ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I
o Social Services Abstracts
o Sociological Abstracts
• PubMed (Excluding MEDLINE)
• Web of Science Databases:
o Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
o Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI)
o Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI)
o Conference Proceedings Citation Index- Science (CPCI-S)
o Conference Proceedings Citation Index- Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH)
o Book Citation Index– Science (BKCI-S)
o Book Citation Index– Social Sciences & Humanities (BKCI-SSH)
o Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
The search is done by an information specialist, searching for studies on people with mental illness who are in touch with justice system.
Excluded are theses and dissertations; papers in non-English languages; papers published prior to 1980.
Types of study to be included
Experimental or quasi-experimental design including a comparator group(s) or a pre/post comparison.
Condition or domain being studied
Persons with mental health problems, symptoms, or diagnoses who come into contact with the police.
People with mental illness who are in touch with justice system.
Interventions involving partnership working between police and mental health nurses and related professionals to divert those with mental health problems away from criminal justice processes including:
- Liaison and Diversion
- Street Triage
- Specialist Staff embedded in Police Contact Control Rooms
- Crisis Intervention Team (CIT).
Comparisons with control groups or areas where such interventions have not been introduced.
Studies with experimental or quasi-experimental designs, including a comparator group(s) or a pre/post comparison reporting at least one intervention of interest and at least one objective outcome measure(s) with respect to offending or mental health outcomes.
Outcomes concerning criminal justice and health outcomes.
Any other relevant outcome.
Risk of bias (quality) assessment
Two reviewers will separately assess the risk of bias in every study using the Cochrane Collaboration's tools, as follows:
For randomised trials: RoB 2.0
For non-randomised studies: ROBINS-I.
More information about Cochrane tools for assessing bias are available at http://www.riskofbias.info/
Strategy for data synthesis
We will provide a summary of available evidence in a table in a descriptive way.
Analysis of subgroups or subsets
We have published the protocol in a peer-reviewed open access journal and will publish the review in a relevant peer-reviewed journal.
Contact details for further information
B Floor, Cochrane Schizophrenia Group, Institute of Mental Health, NG7 2TU, Nottingham, UK
Organisational affiliation of the review
University of Nottingham
Mr Farhad Shokraneh, Cochrane Schizophrenia Group, Institute of Mental Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK Professor Eddie Kane, Centre for Health and Justice, Institute of Mental Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK Dr Emily Evans, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
Anticipated or actual start date
01 June 2016
Anticipated completion date
31 December 2017
HEFCE, award number RR4809, recipient, Eddie Kane
Conflicts of interest
Subject index terms status
Subject indexing assigned by CRD
Subject index terms
Crisis Intervention; England; Forecasting; Humans; Mental Health; Police; Wales
Reference and/or URL for protocol
Kane E, Evans E, Shokraneh F. Effectiveness of current policing-related mental health interventions in England and Wales and Crisis Intervention Teams as a future potential model: a systematic review. Systematic Reviews 2017;6:85.
Formal screening of search results against eligibility criteria
Risk of bias (quality) assessment
PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites.