This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database.
Chubak J, Kamineni A, Buist DS, Anderson ML, Whitlock EP. Aspirin use for the prevention of colorectal cancer: an updated systematic evidence review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Evidence Synthesis No. 133. 2015
We conducted this systematic evidence review on aspirin use for the prevention of CRC to support the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) in updating its previous recommendation. Our review addressed four key questions in adults without a history of CRC, familial adenomatous polyposis, or Lynch Syndrome: 1) Does regular aspirin use reduce CRC mortality or all-cause mortality? 2) Does regular aspirin use reduce the incidence of CRC? 3) Does regular aspirin use reduce the incidence of colorectal adenoma? 4) What are the harms of regular aspirin use for the prevention of colorectal cancer?
Aspirin appears to reduce the risk of CRC incidence after an induction and latency period of approximately 10 years, with a similar effect on CRC mortality. The applicability of data for long-term effects of low-dose aspirin on CRC mortality, however, is limited, particularly in the context of a population selected for primary CVD prevention. Aspirin does not appear to have a strong effect on all-cause mortality within 10 years of initiating use, and data on longterm cumulative risk of all-cause mortality were sparse.
Subject indexing assigned by CRD
Aspirin; Colorectal Neoplasms; Humans; Preventive Medicine
Country of organisation
An English language summary is available.
Address for correspondence
AHRQ, Center for Outcomes and Evidence Technology Assessment Program, 540 Gaither Road, Rockville, MD 20850, USA Email: AHRQTAP@ahrq.hhs.gov
Date abstract record published